Highest Mountains of the World
Nepal’s varied topography despite its small area has made it an explorer’s paradise. The Himalayan country surprisingly bears eight of world’s highest mountains. Among the 14 peaks over 8,000m around the world, Nepal’s fortunate location boasts eight which include Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, Cho Oyu and Annapurna. The peaks in the Himalayan range are glorified each year by daring adventurers who visit the site of these mountains and even scale them.
Mount Everest (8,848m)
The earth’s highest mountain Everest is also known as Chomolungmain the local Tibetan dialect which meansMother of the World and Sagarmatha in Nepali meaning “Forehead in the Sky”. Everest has become one of the most sought out destinations for adventurers since its discovery as the highest mountain during the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in 1856.
Everest was successfully scaled on May 29, 1953 by the team of Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal.The legend of George H. L. Mallory who died in the 1924 expedition and debates surrounding the fact that he could have reached the top still remains unresolved. More than 7,000 summits have been made till date which even includes 193 summits without supplementary oxygen.
Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world was once believed to be the highest mountain. This enormous mass lies between the border of Nepal and Sikkim. Attempts to scale Kanchenjunga went as far back as 1905, however the first successful ascent was made only in 1955. As the mountain is considered holy by the people of Sikkim, it has been a standard to stop a few feet below the actual summit to honor the local belief.
Lhotse lies immediately to the south of Everest being connected by the vertical ridge of South Col which amazingly has an elevation of over 8,000m. The attention to climbing Lhotse was established only after the successful scaling of Everest. It was first summited in 1956 by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernest Reiss both from Switzerland. The two subsidiary peaks of Lhotse – Lhotse Shar and Nuptse are equally popular.
Makalu is located 14 miles east of Everest as an isolated peak and is the fifth highest mountain in the world.Its impressive size and pyramid shape with four sharp ridges makes it stand out as a noteworthy formation. The mountain was successfully scaled by a French group in 1955 after the first sixteen attempts that failed.
Cho Oyu (8,201m)
Cho Oyu is located in the Tibetan border to Nepal just west of Everest and Lhotse. The mountain serves as a landmark for expeditions from the north face to scale Everest being a prominent structure. Cho Oyu is considered one of the easiest mountains over 8,000m to climb and was first gloriously scaled by two Austrians.
Located to the north of central Nepal, Dhaulagiri translates to White Mountain in the local dialect and is the seventh highest mountain in the world. The mountain was considered as the highest in the world after its discovery in 1808 and the legacy was carried on till 30 years until Kanchanjunga was discovered. Dhaulagiri is best known for its enormous size and several pyramid shaped peak formations beside the beautiful glaciers, ice falls.
The eighth highest mountain, Manaslu lies east of the Annapurna massif and is the first mountain over 8,000m to be climbed by an all-female expedition team from Japan. Manaslu means the Mountain of the Spirit in Sanskrit and is a steep mountain that is clearly visible from a great distance in the surrounding of the region.
Among the most favored destination for trekkers, Annapurna, the tenth highest mountain in the world was first summited in 1950 and is the first mountain over 8,000m to be climbed successfully. The Annapurna massif lies east of the gorge made by the Kali Gandaki River and is also known as Goddess of the Harvest as it provides water and fertile soil for the valleys below.