Nepal is a melting pot for religion basically Hindu and Buddhists. It is the land of more than 100 ethnic people leaving together in harmony having their own culture and festival. Due to the cultural diversity every day is festival day in Nepal. Here below is the some of the major festivals in Nepal which is being celebrated by all the Nepalese:
Major Festivals in Nepal
The longest and most auspicious festival for people in Nepal – Dashain (September/October) is a Hindu festival with differentiated rituals followed in different parts of the country. From Ghatasthapana (the planting of barley) to Fulpati, Asthami, Navami and Dashami, ritualistic celebrations keep the folks busy. High swings made of bamboo and local rope is set up in plenty in the open, a must-do ritual; you might want to give a try. The festival is also accredited with rituals of tika, jamara and blessings among kins from the elder members. Worshipping of gods and goddesses in temples is a common sight, but what may intrigue and perhaps make some loathe Dashain is the amount of animal sacrifices performed to please the gods.
Tihar or Deepawali lies just after the festival of Dashain (October/November). This festival is a five day celebration which comprises Kag Tihar (Crow worship), Kukur Tihar (Dog worship), Gai Tihar (Cow worship), Gobardhan Puja or Mha Puja (Oxen or self worship) and finally Bhai Tika (worship of brothers by sisters). During the festival, garlands, colourful decorations and fancy lights can be seen embellishing streets, shopping centres, small shops and houses. Youngsters going from door to door singing and dancing to folk tunes can be seen as dyeusi and bhaili tradition in all parts of the country. The making of mandala with colors is an artistic display that also adds to the festive ambience. This is a festival you wouldn’t want to miss due to the enthusiasm in celebration and unique cultural practices.
Holi, the festival of colours and sharing love is celebrated for two days in late February/March. People put colours on each other and spray water often using water guns (pichkari) and balloons filled with water. The celebration begins after gathering at a common place or going around in small groups to kith and kin and putting colours on each other. The holi in hilly region is celebrated one day prior to that in terai. In Kathmandu, holi is marked with the erection of a long bamboo stick (lingo) covered with colourful pieces of cloth (chir) at Basantapur Durbar Square. In the evening of holi, the lingo is brought down and the chir is burnt to mark its end. Holi also marks the end of winter and the arrival of spring.
The festival of Gai Jatra was started in the Malla period by Pratap Malla who had lost his son and wanted to provide consolation to his grieving wife. Gai Jatra or Sa Paru is celebrated mainly in the Kathmandu Valley by Newars with processions in memory of losses of family members. A cow, or a child dressed like one is usually paraded around the streets as it is believed that the holy animal helps the deceased in the journey after life. However, the traditions of celebration varies and the uniqueness of stick dancing in Bhaktapur, matayaa in Patan and dancing deities in Kirtipur are noteworthy. In the evening, street shows depicting acts of social injustices and evils are portrayed through small plays, the participants often mocking their targeted issue in the funniest, yet harshest possible ways.
Originally started by natives of Mithila, the Chhath Parva can now be seen celebrated around the country. Decorations of water sources, ponds, rivers and lakes along with offerings of fruits and other delicacies to the god Sun stands out as a unique cultural trademark. The festival lies in October/November and is celebrated for four days.