Nestled in the lap of the Himalayas, sandwiched between the two giants India and China. Nepal is a land of sublime scenery; time-worn temples scatter around the best trekking and climbing routes on earth. It is one of the richest countries in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation.
The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters to Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters. All within a distance of 150 km resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. This amazing variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, rolling hills, hidden valleys, along with centuries-old diverse ethnic cultures and festivals. Thus resulting in one of the most fascinating Himalayan destinations for adventure trekking, cultural tour, peak climbing, and mountaineering expeditions.
Where is Nepal: Facts about Nepal Himalayas
Location: Asia, in between India and China
Latitude : 26 deg; 12' and 30 deg; 27' North
Longitude : 80 deg; 4' and 88 deg; 12' East
Area : 1, 47,181 sq. Kilometers (56,827 sq. miles)
Capital City : Kathmandu: One of the few cities in the world where Seven World Heritage Sites are situated within a 20 km radius
Time Different : + 5:45 GMT
Population: 30 million
People: Over 120 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages
Religion: Hinduism and Buddhism co-exist in perfect harmony making Nepal a 'Melting Pot' of both religions
A living Cultural Heritage: Our heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism &
Witchcraft is still practiced in remote regions. Temples, Shrines, monuments, and monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells, and playing drums.
Political-System: Democracy Republic of Nepal
National Bird: Lophophorus (Danfe)
National flower: Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
Topography: From the world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to the highest point on earth 'The Everest' 8,848 m.
Vegetation: Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain forests to the Alpine desert.
Weather: Climate ranges from Tropical in the low lands to the Arctic in higher altitudes.
- Winter (December-February)
- Summer (March-May)
- Monsoon (June-Aug)
- Autumn (Sept-Nov)
Mostly rains at night, making the following days crispy clean, and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking
Nepal 0occupying only 0.1 of the Earth is Home to:
- 2% of the flowering plants in the world.
- 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4% of mammals on earth
- 11 of the world's 15 butterfly families (more than 500 species)
- More than 600 indigenous plant families
- More than 319 species of exotic orchids