Know Nepal; Some facts about Nepal

It is nestled in the lap of the Himalayas, sandwiched between the two giants India and China. Nepal is a land of sublime scenery; time-worn temples scatter around Earth's best trekking and climbing routes. It is one of the wealthiest countries in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation.

The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters to Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters. All are within a distance of 150 km, resulting in climatic conditions that range from sub-tropical to arctic. This unique variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the most fantastic mountain range on Earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, rolling hills, hidden valleys, centuries-old diverse ethnic cultures, and festivals. This has resulted in one of the most fascinating Himalayan destinations for adventure trekking, cultural tours, peak climbing, and mountaineering expeditions.

Where is Nepal: Facts about Nepal Himalayas

Location: Asia, between India and China
Latitude: 26 deg; 12' and 30 deg; 27' North
Longitude: 80 deg; 4' and 88 deg; 12' East
Area: 1, 47,181 sq. Kilometers (56,827 sq. miles)
Capital City : Kathmandu: One of the few cities in the world where Seven World Heritage Sites are situated within a 20 km radius
Time Different : + 5:45 GMT
Population:  30 million
People: Over 120 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages
Religion: Hinduism and Buddhism co-exist in perfect harmony, making Nepal a 'Melting Pot' of both religions
A living Cultural Heritage: Our heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism &
Witchcraft is still practiced in remote regions. Temples, Shrines, monuments, and monasteries are extremely active, with devotees burning butter lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells, and playing drums.
Political System: Democracy Republic of Nepal
National Bird: Lophophorus (Danfe)
National flower: Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
Topography: From the world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to the highest point on earth 'Everest' 8,848 m.
Vegetation: Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rainforests to the Alpine desert.
Weather: Climate ranges from tropical in the lowlands to the Arctic at higher altitudes.
Seasons :

  • Winter (December-February)
  • Summer (March-May)
  • Monsoon (June-Aug)
  • Autumn (Sept-Nov)

Monsoon :
It primarily rains at night, making the following days crispy, clean, and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking

Nepal, 0ccupying only 0.1 of the Earth, is Home to:

  • 2% of the flowering plants in the world.
  • 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
  • 4% of mammals on Earth
  • 11 of the world's 15 butterfly families (more than 500 species)
  • More than 600 indigenous plant families
  • More than 319 species of exotic orchid