Nestled in the lap of the Himalayas, sandwiched between the two giants India and China. Nepal is a land of sublime scenery; time- worn temples scatter around the best trekking and climbing routes on earth. It is one of the richest countries in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation.
The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters to Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters. All within a distance of 150 km resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. This amazing variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, rolling hills, hidden valleys, along with centuries old diverse ethnic cultures and festivals. Thus resulting one of the most fascinating Himalayan destinations for adventure trekking, cultural tour, peak climbing and mountaineering expeditions.
Where is Nepal: Facts about Nepal Himalayas
Location : Asia, in between India and China
Latitude : 26 deg; 12' and 30 deg; 27' North
Longitude : 80 deg; 4' and 88 deg; 12' East
Area : 1, 47,181 sq. Kilometres (56,827 sq. miles)
Capital City : Kathmandu: One of the few cities in the world where Seven World Heritage Sites are situated within 20 km radius
Time Different : + 5:45 GMT
Population : 30 million
People : Over 120 Ethnic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages
Religion : Hinduism and Buddhism co-exit in perfect harmony making Nepal a 'Melting Pot' of both religions
A living Cultural Heritage : Our heritage is alive and dynamic. Shamanism, Pan-animism &
Witchcraft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, Shrines, monuments and monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums.
Political-System : Democracy Republic of Nepal
National Bird : Lophophorus (Danfe)
National flower :Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
Topography : From the world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to highest point on earth 'The Everest' 8,848 m.
Vegetation :Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain forests to Alpine desert.
Weather : Climate ranges from Tropical in the low lands to Arctic in higher altitudes.
- Winter (December-February)
- Summer (March-May)
- Monsoon (June-Aug)
- Autumn (Sept-Nov)
Mostly rains at night, making the following days crispy clean and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking
Nepal occupying only 0.1 of the earth is home to :
- 2% of the flowering plants in the world.
- 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4% of mammals on earth
- 11 of the world's 15 butterfly families (more than 500 species)
- More than 600 indigenous plant families
- More than 319 species of exotic orchids