Major Festivals in Nepal
Nepal is a melting pot of religions, basically Hindu and Buddhist. It is the land of more than 100 ethnic people living together in harmony, having their own culture and festival. Due to cultural diversity, every day is a festival day in Nepal. Here below are some of the major festivals in Nepal which is being celebrated by all the Nepalese:
The longest and most auspicious festival for people in Nepal – Dashain (September/October) is a Hindu festival with differentiated rituals followed in different parts of the country. From Ghatasthapana (the planting of barley) to Fulpati, Ashtami, Navami, and Dashami, ritualistic celebrations keep the folks busy. High swings made of bamboo and the local rope are set up in plenty in the open, a must-do ritual; you might want to try it. The festival is also accredited with rites of Tika, Jamara, and blessings among kins from the elder members. Worshipping of gods and goddesses in temples is a common sight, but the number of animal sacrifices performed to please the gods may intrigue and perhaps make some loathe Dashain.
Tihar or Deepawali lies just after the festival of Dashain (October/November). This festival is a five-day celebration that comprises Kag Tihar (Crow worship), Kukur Tihar (Dog worship), Gai Tihar (Cow worship), Gobardhan Puja, or Mha Puja (Oxen or self-worship), and finally, Bhai Tika (worship of brothers by sisters). During the festival, garlands, colorful decorations, and fancy lights can be seen embellishing streets, shopping centers, small shops, and houses. Youngsters going from door to door singing and dancing to folk tunes can be seen as Dyeusi and Bhaili traditions in all parts of the country. Making a Mandala with colors is an artistic display that adds to the festive ambiance. You would not want to miss this festival due to the enthusiasm for celebration and unique cultural practices.
Holi, the festival of colors and sharing love, is celebrated for two days in late February/March. People put colors on each other and spray water, often using water guns (Pichkari) and balloons filled with water. The celebration begins after gathering at a commonplace or going around in small groups to kith and kin and putting colors on each other. The Holi in the hilly region is celebrated one day before that in Terai. In Kathmandu, Holi is marked with the erection of a long bamboo stick (lingo) covered with colorful pieces of cloth (Chir) at Basantapur Durbar Square. On the evening of Holi, the terminology is brought down, and the Chir is burnt to mark its end. Holi also marks the end of winter and the arrival of spring.
The festival of Gai Jatra was started in the Malla period by Pratap Malla, who had lost his son and wanted to provide consolation to his grieving wife. Gai Jatra or Sa Paru is celebrated mainly in the Kathmandu Valley by Newars with processions in memory of the losses of family members. A cow or a child dressed like one is usually paraded around the streets as it is believed that the holy animal helps the deceased in the afterlife. However, the celebration traditions vary, and the uniqueness of stick dancing in Bhaktapur, Matayaa in Patan, and dancing deities in Kirtipur are noteworthy. In the evening, street shows depicting acts of social injustices and evils are portrayed through small plays, the participants often mocking their targeted issue in the funniest yet harshest possible ways.
Initially started by natives of Mithila, the Chhath Parva can now be celebrated around the country. Decorations of water sources, ponds, rivers, and lakes, along with offerings of fruits and other delicacies to the god Sun, stand out as a unique cultural trademark. The festival lies in October/November and is celebrated for four days.